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LSAT logic game rules and understanding their setup

In this write up about LSAT basics, we will talk about LSAT Logic Games. Contrary to reading comprehension and logical reasoning sections, LSAT Logic Games appear to be foreign to most of test takers. Once you are able to overcome the preliminary discomfort with such games, you realize that these games become favorite section of yours.

Our attention here will be to know setups and guidelines relating to LSAT Logic Games and to create a basic picture that can be used by us to find solutions to questions.

The aim of activity we are going to discuss is to devise a simple and easily manipulated illustrative diagram through which you can visually represent maximum possible information given to you. The “base picture” serves as guide to find answers to the questions. So, let’s get started:

Identify the Game Type

Identifying the kind of game is first move to create base picture. Question yourself: What have I been told to do? Acquainting yourself with ongoing game types and questioning yourself will help you in identifying the type of game and proceeding to the subsequent step.

We concentrate on five types of LSAT Logic Games as given below:

  1. Order: Placing characters in single dimensional order.
  2. In-out: Form two groups, generally, one as “in” group and other as “out” group to assign characters.
  3. Single assignment: Allocating characters precisely to any one of the groups that may be three or even more.
  4. Multiple assignment: Allocating characters to different characteristics or groups that may be one or even more.
  5. Grid: Allocating a character to characteristics that are dependent.

Keep in mind that above five games are not representing all types of games that you come across in LSAT Logic Games section, but these are considered to be most common.

Create a Skeleton

After identifying the game type that is being dealt by you, the next move is to find out the way to organize the information visually depending on the type of game. Such organizational structure is called skeleton:

  1. Order: A path of underscores where you can place each character.
  2. In-out: A T-chart, having “in” on one side and “out” on other side.
  3. Single assignment: A customized T-chart for any number of groups that are necessary.
  4. Multiple assignment: One axis of grid having characters, other axis having characteristics and groups, and X’s or check marks on the inside of the grid.
  5. Grid: A kind of chart where dependent characteristics are on either of the axes and inside of the grid has the characters.

Understanding the rules

After making skeleton, information that has been gathered from above given rules can now be added into skeleton. There are plenty of rules that cannot be represented in this post. However, given below are 5 general principles that will guide you while you practice diagrams for the LSAT Logic Games section.

  1. By addressing the rules of LSAT Logic Games according to difficulty level and starting with rule, which is the easiest. This will help in limiting possibilities of rules that are more difficult, hence will make it easier to symbolize and understand.
  2. Use separate symbols for representing two things that are different. E.g. if you are using a vertical arrow for representing if-then statement, ensure that you don’t represent anything else with a vertical arrow. LSAT Logic Games are already very complicated, don’t make it more confusing.
  3. Look for relation between major components of LSAT Logic Games. This relation may be within the rules or between the overall game setup and a rule. Simply treating the rules and listing them as independent may coerce you in making deductions repeatedly.
  4. Identify those characters, you know nothing about. With this information answering a specific type of questions will become easy and can also be useful while making educated guesses.
  5. Identify rules or characters that largely affect a game. While answering, look at these rules or characters as they help in guiding you to further deductions.

In addition, speed is very important in LSAT Logic Games section. For success in LSAT, techniques of making diagrams are supposed to be very effective. Self-pacing can lead to reaping good results and high scores.